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A well-composed abstract is key towards the effective dissemination of your research. Many articles are merely ever read in abstract form. Anonymous peer-reviewers of your scholarship will see the abstract first. The African Studies Review (ASR) provides abstracts in English, French, and Portuguese, in order to reach the widest possible audience that is global. You’ll want to provide one 100-word version in at least one language.
The abstract is not the paragraph that is first of article. An abstract is a complete version or kind of your article. It will be the article that is entire, within the major points, content and scope of one’s argument, the theoretical framework or scholarly point of departure, along with the methodology, and type of evidentiary basis. It should be in a position to stand alone.
The abstract can be described as the “elevator pitch” for a publication that is possible imagine you’re stuck within the elevator at the ASA Annual ending up in one of many editors associated with the ASR. You will need to provide an overview that hits the high points in about about a minute and convinces the editor so it’s worthy of further consideration. It will very concisely summarize the subject, how it fits to the broader literature, the contribution, the investigation strategy, the key findings, while the broader implications.
All ASR articles are available via multiple digital platforms, so that your abstract must be searchable online.
We suggest you engage the follow two prevailing ways to optimize your abstracts for the search engines. This may greatly raise the chance it shall viewed widely and shared.
First, construct a title that is descriptive your article. In internet search engine terms, the title of each and every article abstract is essential. The search engine assumes that the title provides the words most strongly related this article. This is why it is important to choose a descriptive, unambiguous, and accurate title. By constructing a title to include those terms while it may be tempting to use a quote from an informant or sources, think about how search terms draw in a potential reader who may be looking for your article or your subject area, community, or country of study, and help them. Understand that people look for key phrases, not words that are just single.
Second, reiterate title that is key in the abstract.
You should reiterate the phrases that are key this article title inside the abstract itself. The number of times that certain words and phrases appear on a webpage has a significant impact in how they are ranked in searches although search engines use proprietary algorithms.
- Draft the AFTER that is abstract have finished the article
- Construct an easy, descriptive and title that is accurate containing all the important search terms and phrases that relate solely to the topic, theme, or argument
- Repeat keywords and phrases and incorporate them smoothly – remember that the primary audience is a potential reader and never a search engine
- Use synonyms or related key phrases
- Provide a definite and concise summary of the content associated with the chapter
- Describe your methodology and/or data
- Write into the third-person present tense
- Review and revise the abstract before you submit your article for review
- Revise the abstract every right time you revise your article
Things You Must Not Do:
- Write the BEFORE that is abstract article
- Construct an ambiguous and elaborate title
- Provide facts that are general make sure you concentrate on the core discussions/findings
- Write when you look at the person that is first
- Forget to proof-read for typos
- Review the entire literature
- Write within the future or past tense
- Employ undefined abbreviations or acronyms
- Include citations or references
- Use language that is overly technical
- Use speculative phraseology
Example of a abstract that is strong
“States at War: Confronting Conflict in Africa”
In the early 1990s, democratization dominated discourse on African politics. However fraught with contradictions, processes of political liberalization held out a cure for more responsive, accountable government—and some African countries achieved gains that are impressive. But in many components of the continent the outlook at the start of the twenty-first century is decidedly more somber. An increase in violence and war has had consequences that are devastating people and their communities. Newbury examines approaches that are several confronting these conflicts and highlights three lessons that emerge. In some situations, international involvement is essential to get rid of a war, and carrying this out successfully requires enormous resources. But assistance that is external follow just one template; it should be adapted to various local dynamics and coordinated with efforts of peace-builders within. Newbury argues that greater support is needed for efforts to alleviate the conditions that spawn wars and violence.
Example of a weak abstract:
“Conflict and Chaos: Understanding War, Rethinking Violence”
This informative article argues that during the early 1990s democratization dominated African political discourse. I explore the processes of political liberalization and just how these people were fraught with contradictions, while they held out a cure for more responsive, accountable government. I identify some African countries that achieved impressive gains. But it happens to be argued by other scholars (Schmidt 2007; Jones 2005; Asante 1996) that the outlook at the start of the twenty-first century will be decidedly more somber. An increase in violence and war has had overdetermining ramifications broadly. I shall examine approaches that are several confronting these conflicts and I will highlight three lessons that emerge. In a few situations, international involvement can be necessary to end a war, and carrying this out successfully may require enormous resources. But external assistance cannot follow a single template; it should be adapted to various local dynamics and coordinated with efforts of peace-builders within. The author cites data that are various argue that greater support is necessary for efforts to ease the conditions that spawn wars and violence.